Integrated Community Based Risk Reduction Programme (ICBRR)
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Integrated Community Based Risk Reduction

Introduction

Pakistan frequently experiences large-scale natural disasters such as earthquakes, landslides, droughts, cyclones and flooding throughout the year. These, coupled with unsustainable environmental practices and limited natural fresh water resources, constitute tremendous challenges for humanitarian assistance. Pakistan still suffers high infant and maternal mortality, a double burden of diseases, and inadequate health care facilities with high population growth.

It has been long recognized that people from local communities are the first to be affected and therefore, the first to respond to disasters and health crises. For this reason, the Red Cross and the Red Crescent National Societies conduct programs which focus on preparing at-risk communities by reducing their vulnerability and creating a volunteer force to resist them.

The National Societies work closely with communities to reduce risk, mitigate effects, prepare to respond, respond to and recover from disasters or health issues.

Community-Based Risk Reduction (ICBRR) can play a major role in building safer, more resilient communities. Therefore, the model of ICBRR program is more appropriate in promoting community ownership and sustainability.

Main Achievements

  • Branch construction in Bagh and Neelum in AJK in progress
  • Formation of Community Based Organisations (CBOs) in 10 communities
  • Income Generation/Resource Mobilization activities in all districts for branch sustainability (Funds retained at districts)
  • In AJK 3 x Water Supply Schemes (WSS), 1 x Gabion Wall and 4 x Foot tracks made in 2016.
  • In KP 2 x WSS, 1 x access road and rehabilitation of suspension bridge.
  • In Sindh 3 x Solar Pumps (Tharparkar), 24 x Hand Pump Repairs, construction of 29 x latrines, 6 x Lead-line hand-pumps construction and 1 x Dispensary Repair.
  • Under community preparedness actions, training being imparted to communities in Community-Based Health and First Aid (CBHFA), Community Disaster Response Teams (CDRT) and basic orientation on school safety & early warning Systems in their local areas.
  • Establishment of First Aid Posts in communities along with provision of FA kits.

ICBRR in Pakistan

The CBDRR Project was initiated in January 2009 with the support of Danish Red Cross,  Canadian Red Cross and European Commission. Initially 10 villages of Union Council Noora Seri of District Muzaffarabad were included in this project. It is important to mention here the UC Noora Seri situated in most vulnerable and disaster prone areas of AJK. 13,110 beneficiaries were benefited by this project. The main purpose of this project was, establishment of villages level committees, CBOs and their capacity building to respond any disaster and establishment of emergency response teams at village level and equipped them with emergency response tools.  In the second phase, this project was enhanced to District Bagh of AJK. This was the one of best projects in the world in Disaster Risk Reduction. Both parts of this project were completed with the budget of Rs. 190 millions.  This project was ended in December 2012.

Hum-Ahngi Project  

The CBDRR Hum-Ahngi Project was started in July 2011 with the support of Danish Red Cross in two union councils of Muzaffarabad and Bagh districts. The main objective of this project was to interlink the people and institutions to minimize the effects of any disaster. This project continued till December 2012. Total 36,127 persons got benefit from this project. The budget outlay of this project was 50 millions

Mr. Muhammad Atif Khan

Programs and Disaster Management Manager